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Photon Learning

About the Blog

This blog is designed as a library of 'thoughts' and concepts for the students of Excel@Learning. It tries to speed up and simplify learning about core subjects including English, Maths and Sciences (Natural, Applied and Islamic) by breaking up topics into independent 'thoughts' or 'photons' of learning. You can contact us at . You can click to return to the Main Web Site.


English Posted on Mon, January 23, 2012 22:32:10

The entire text of William Shakespeare’s play, Macbeth, is in the document below:

Click here

An Inspirational Old Poem

English Posted on Mon, January 23, 2012 21:53:03


If you can keep your head when all about you
Are losing theirs and blaming it on you;
If you can trust yourself when all men doubt you,
But make allowance for their doubting too:
If you can wait and not be tired by waiting,
Or, being lied about, don’t deal in lies,
Or being hated don’t give way to hating,
And yet don’t look too good, nor talk too wise;

If you can dream—and not make dreams your master;
If you can think—and not make thoughts your aim,
If you can meet with Triumph and Disaster
And treat those two impostors just the same:.
If you can bear to hear the truth you’ve spoken
Twisted by knaves to make a trap for fools,
Or watch the things you gave your life to, broken,
And stoop and build’em up with worn-out tools;

If you can make one heap of all your winnings
And risk it on one turn of pitch-and-toss,
And lose, and start again at your beginnings,
And never breathe a word about your loss:
If you can force your heart and nerve and sinew
To serve your turn long after they are gone,
And so hold on when there is nothing in you
Except the Will which says to them: “Hold on!”

If you can talk with crowds and keep your virtue,
Or walk with Kings—nor lose the common touch,
If neither foes nor loving friends can hurt you,
If all men count with you, but none too much:
If you can fill the unforgiving minute
With sixty seconds’ worth of distance run,
Yours is the Earth and everything that’s in it,
And—which is more—you’ll be a Man, my son!

Rudyard Kipling

What Value do Teachers Add?

General Learning Posted on Mon, January 23, 2012 21:48:33

At Excel@Learning our tutors were thinking about and discussing the value that teachers/tutors add to the learning process. Some people may comment that people can just buy a book and read it and teach themselves. This is quite true, as people learn in different ways and different people have different preferred learning styles. We have formulated a mnemonic to make it easy to remember what value teachers add to the learning project.

The mnemonic is ‘FEMGEKI‘. This stands for the following:

Facilitate (Make it easy for them) to progress when they are stuck.
Encourage them when they feel the task is too hard.
Motivate them when they do not see the point of learning.
Guide them when they can’t see the way forward.
Explain things clearly when they are confused.
Knowledge provided quickly when they do not know.
Imagination and Visualisation of success at the end of the project to drive them forward.

AQA Specification A – Post 1914 Prescribed Authors List

English Posted on Mon, January 23, 2012 21:13:03

The works of the following authors can be used for the AQA GCSE English Post 1914 Literature element:

E M Forster

William Golding

Graham Greene

Aldous Huxley

James Joyce

D H Lawrence

Katherine Mansfield

George Orwell

Muriel Spark

William Trevor

Evelyn Waugh

AQA Specification A – Pre-1914 Prescribed Authors List

English Posted on Mon, January 23, 2012 21:04:33

The following Authors work can be studied for the AQA GCSE English Pre-1914 Literature element:

Jane Austen

Charlotte Brontë

Emily Brontë

John Bunyan

Wilkie Collins

Joseph Conrad

Daniel Defoe

Charles Dickens

Arthur Conan Doyle

George Eliot

Henry Fielding

Elizabeth Gaskell

Thomas Hardy

Henry James

Mary Shelley

Robert Louis Stevenson

Jonathan Swift

Anthony Trollope

H G Wells

GCSE English Grade Guide

English Posted on Mon, January 23, 2012 20:55:50

The following indication of how grades are awarded for GCSE English controlled assessments is taken from a guideline document from the examining board AQA.

“The following grade descriptions indicate the level of attainment
characteristic of the given grade at GCSE. They give a general
indication of the required learning outcomes at each specific grade.
The descriptors should be interpreted in relation to the content
outlined in the specification; they are not designed to define that

The grade awarded will depend in practice upon the extent to which
the candidate has met the assessment objectives (as in Section 6)
overall. Shortcomings in some aspects of the examination may be
balanced by better performances in others.

Grade A Candidates respond critically and sensitively to a range of texts, taking
into account alternative approaches and interpretations. They explore
and evaluate the ways meanings, ideas and feelings are conveyed
through language, structure and form, making connections and
comparisons between texts. They identify and comment on social,
historical and cultural contexts of texts, and show awareness of literary
tradition. They select forms appropriately and convey their ideas

Grade C In responding to a range of texts, candidates show understanding of
how meanings and ideas are conveyed through language, structure and
form. They explore connections and comparisons between texts,
referring to details to support their views. They show awareness of
some of the cultural and social contexts of texts. They convey their
ideas appropriately in a range of forms.

Grade F In giving personal responses to texts, candidates show understanding
of key features, including themes, characters and language. They make
straightforward connections between texts, and show some
understanding of influences on texts and readers. They refer to
aspects of texts when explaining their views. They convey their
response in appropriate ways.”

A very nice poem

English Posted on Mon, January 23, 2012 20:02:55


written by Max Ehrmann

Go placidly amid the noise and the haste,
and remember what peace there may be in silence.

As far as possible, without surrender,
be on good terms with all persons.
Speak your truth quietly and clearly;
and listen to others,
even to the dull and the ignorant;
they too have their story.
Avoid loud and aggressive persons;
they are vexatious to the spirit.

If you compare yourself with others,
you may become vain or bitter,
for always there will be greater and lesser persons than yourself.
Enjoy your achievements as well as your plans.
Keep interested in your own career, however humble;
it is a real possession in the changing fortunes of time.

Exercise caution in your business affairs,
for the world is full of trickery.
But let this not blind you to what virtue there is;
many persons strive for high ideals,
and everywhere life is full of heroism.
Be yourself. Especially do not feign affection.
Neither be cynical about love,
for in the face of all aridity and disenchantment,
it is as perennial as the grass.

Take kindly the counsel of the years,
gracefully surrendering the things of youth.
Nurture strength of spirit to shield you in sudden misfortune.
But do not distress yourself with dark imaginings.
Many fears are born of fatigue and loneliness.

Beyond a wholesome discipline,
be gentle with yourself.
You are a child of the universe
no less than the trees and the stars;
you have a right to be here.
And whether or not it is clear to you,
no doubt the universe is unfolding as it should.

Therefore be at peace with God,
whatever you conceive Him to be.
And whatever your labors and aspirations,
in the noisy confusion of life,
keep peace in your soul.

With all its sham, drudgery, and broken dreams,
it is still a beautiful world.
Be cheerful. Strive to be happy.